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Xiamen is located at longitude 118©b04¡ä04¡å east, latitude 24©b26¡ä46¡å north; It is situated at estuary of Jiulongjiang River, southeast of Fujian province; it is backed by Zhangzhou and Quanzhou plain and neighboring Taiwan Strait; it is faced to Taiwan Island and Penghu Island; it is composed of Xiamen Island, Gulandyu Island and north shore of mainland Jiulongjiang River with over 565.09 km2 land area and over 390km2 oceanic area.

The main Xiamen Island is 13.7km long in south-to-north orientation, 12.5km wide from east to west, with area of 133 km2; the ground slopes from south to north; while the northwest part is comparatively smooth and the south is mountainous; the highest part is Yundingyan with altitude of 339.6m; Xiamen Port is a strait port with 234km long wandering coastline; thanks to star-studded islands outside the port and deep water of the port, the port is of natural windproof capacity; with over 12m deep water, the port is ice-free throughout the year and it has been an important foreign trade port in southeast shore in history.

Aquaculture is a leading industry of Xiamen¡¯s oceanic economy and pillar industry of the rural economy; with advantages of short cycle, faster yield, high efficiency and high drive and multiple processing and value-added for products, aquaculture is praise as ¡°sunrise industry¡± in the world. Aquaculture is taken as the 2nd granary of solving conflict of vast population and limited population in 21st century.

Rich fishery resources and developed aquatic product breeding industry have always taken important position in social economy and great agriculture of Xiamen; since reform and opening up, the fishery industry of Xiamen has developed greatly and now has formed industry system which is with breeding, fishing and processing as main part matched with seedling, feed and manufacture of fishing boat, construction of market and trade.

Xiamen is South Asia subtropical maritime monsoon region with annual average temperature of 20.2~22¡æ and annual sea water temperature of 21.3¡æ; since the climate and water-quality condition are adapt, it is in favor of growth and breeding of aquatic organism; with high productivity and vast biomass, there are total about 2000 varieties of marine organism; among them, over 60 varieties of comparatively high economic value and over 20 varieties are cultivated; in addition, Huangcuo and Dadeng Sea area are main habitats of Branchiostoma and Xiamen sea area is one of main habitats of Sousa chinensis which is one of Catogary I of State Special Protected animal, simultaneously, it is the spawning ground of pagrosomus major, Paralichthys, bass and prawn these rare varieties; there are rich seedlings of eel, grey mullet, bass, black bream and Scylla; it is offshore Minnan-Taiwan Shoal Fishing Ground which is operated traditionally in southeast Xiamen and it is an important continental shelf fishing ground in southeast sea area of the state.

With climate advantage, geology advantage, convenient traffic and preferential policies for the special region these advantages, Xiamen is adapt to growth of high yielding and high quality breeding varieties of temperature climate as well as breeding of high quality varieties of tropic region; hence, it is of strength of developing fishery industry, especially seedling industry and deep processing industry of aquatic products.

As a city at sub-provincial level, Xiamen is one of 5 specifically designated cities as well as one of five special economic zones opening to outside first, Xiamen will establish cross-straits regional finance service center simultaneously.

Xiamen is located at subtropical region; with pleasant climate, beautiful scenery and clean environment, Xiamen wins honors of ¡°International Garden City¡±, ¡°National Sanitary City¡±, ¡°National Garden City¡±, ¡°National Environment Protection Model City¡±, ¡°China Excellent Travelling City¡± and ¡°National Top 10 Human Settlement City¡±, ¡°United Nations Human Settlement Prize¡± and ¡° National Culture City¡±; the location resource of Xiamen is from Baidu Map and final result shall be referred to data of Daidu map.

City Ranking

2013¡±China City Synthesized Competitiveness Ranking¡±, Xiamen was the 23rd.

Ranked the 7th in open competitiveness

Ranked the 6th in environment competitiveness

Ranked the10th in infrastructure competitiveness ¡¡

Xiamen ranked the 14th in urban GDP per capita ranking of 2009 and Fujian province ranked the first.

2006-2010 China City Value Report, ¡°the 11th five-year period (2006-2010), Xiamen was the 6th in ranking of living quality, brand value and synthesized competitiveness for cities over prefecture-level

Xiamen is an island city with a rich and dramatic history, replete with pirates, rebel leaders, and European merchants. Now linked to mainland Fujian by a causeway, Xiamen retains a strong international flavor. Known in the West as Amoy, Xiamen has a long history as a port city, and later became a center of British trade in the 19th century. Their foreign settlements, later taken over by Japanese invaders at the start of World War II, were established on the nearby small Gulangyu Island. Many of the old treaty-port and colonial buildings in Western styles survive. Xiamen was declared one of China¡¯s first Special Economic Zones in the early 1980¡¯s, taking advantage of the city¡¯s heritage as a trading center and the proximity to Taiwan. Today Xiamen is one of China¡¯s most attractive and best-maintained resort cities.
 
Xiamen was founded in 1394 at the beginning of the Ming dynasty as a center of defense against coastal pirates. Its prosperity was due to its deepwater sheltered harbor, that supplanted nearby Quanzhou, the port that had been the center of the maritime trade with the Indies.
 
In the mid-17th century, Xiamen and Gulangyu Island became a stronghold of Zheng Chenggong, known in the West as Koxinga, a Ming loyalist who held out against the Manchu invaders until being driven to Taiwan. Born in Japan to a Chinese pirate father and a Japanese mother, Zheng became allied with holdout Ming princes in the south who hoped for a restoration. He built up a resistance force of some 7,000 junks and a mixed force of three-quarters of a million troops and pirates. In 1661 he drove the Dutch from Taiwan and set up another base there, before his death in 1662.
 
After the Opium Wars Xiamen became one of the first treaty ports to be opened to foreign trade and settlement following the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842. Gulangyu Island was transformed into an international settlement, where many Victorian and Neoclassical style buildings still survive. The city¡¯s prosperity was due both to trade and to wealth sent back by Xiamen¡¯s substantial emigrant community of overseas Chinese.
 

Prosperity returned to Xiamen in the early 1980¡¯s when Xiamen was designated one of the four Special Economic Zones (SEZs).

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